Development of a new classificatory model of malingering.
Bull. Amer. Acad. Psychiatry & the Law
18(3): 323-33, 1990.
Inclusion criteria for the classification of malingering are shaped and largely predetermined by our
explanatory theories. Current theories have postulated the motivation to malinger is either the
product of underlying psychopathology (pathogenic model) or criminal backgrounds (DSM III-R
model). I have proposed a third model that malingering is typically an adaptive response to adverse
circumstances which may best be understood in the context of decision theory. Based on this
approach I have argued that indices of malingering should be empirically derived and focused on
clinical presentation. Finally, I have proposed a preliminary model for the classification of
malingerers which combines clinical data with corroborative evidence. [References: 46]