Preventing jailhouse suicides.
A. R. Felthous,
Bull. Amer. Acad. Psychiatry & the Law
22(4): 477-88, 1994.
Psychiatric consultants to city and county jails are confronted with the challenge of preventing
jailhouse suicides, a problem of national scope. Suicide prevention programs in jails must emphasize
screening and identification, psychological support, observation, disarmament, clarity and
consistency, and diagnosis, treatment, and/or hospitalization. Exactly how these principles are
formulated and implemented will depend on the unique circumstances of each jail. Finally
information is presented as evidence that a program that embodies these principles can effectively
reduce the number of suicides in a jail where the average daily census has increased from fewer than
400 to greater than 900 in the past six years.